"Back in 1942, on June 10 Nazis had killed nearly all the residents in Lidice village. It was done as a reprisal for the assassination of Nazi official Reinhard Heydrich, the Reichsprotektor of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. The village was completely destroyed, men were killed, the women and children were separated and sent to concentration camps. That summer was the last one for them."
"After the assassination of Nazi official Reinhard Heydrich, (the Reichsprotektor of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia), Hitler immediately ordered mass killings in Czechoslovakia to avenge his death. He also wanted severe punishments to be carried out against any village that had harbored the assassins. To the residents of the villages, the following was bound to happen: all of the adult men would get killed, women – taken to concentration camps, the children who looked Aryan would be “Germanized” and the remaining ones – killed. Nazis specifically targeted Lidice because one local family had a son in the Czech army in England."
The bronze sculpture by Marie Uchytilova in Lidice, Czech Republic commemorates the children who were killed by Nazis in the summer of 1942. It honors a group of 82 children – 42 girls and 40 boys – all of whom were gassed at Chełmno. The Polish town housed an extermination camp built by Nazis during World War II. In fact, it was the first German extermination camp set up specifically to carry out ethnic cleansing through mass killings.